NCERT Words and Expression Unit 7 Solution
Q.1. Infer the meaning of the following expressions
(a) Nowrosji would cajole Parsi visitors off the train.
Nowrosji would polietly greet the visitors getting out of the train
(b) Jer Bai would occasionally object to unknown visitors, she was always overruled.
Jer bai sometimes raise objection bringing unknown person to home, but her request was always set aside.
(c) ...outside catering was unheard of.
No professional was help was taken during festival gatering.
(d) I gained a healthy respect for my dainty grandmother.
She started giving respect to her grand mother more than ever.
Q.2. Answer the following questions.
(a) “Aavoji, aavo, aavo! Welcome to Delhi! Let me show you my beautiful city.” Who said this and why?
Nowrosji kaprida said this to pass the visitor at Delhi station. He wanted to use this opportunity
to tell them the advantages of shiffting to Delhi.
(b) Why were Jer Bai’s arguments always overruled?
Jer bai argument were always overruled because he wanted parsis to visit is home
(c) Why do you think outside catering was unheard of?
outside catring was unheard of because the parsi women would bring home-cooked foods to gathering.
(d) According to the writer what “kind of life has almost gone forever”?
In the 70, parsis were very help full. they would pay for poorer member of the community without knowing who had paid for what. That tradition was almost gone forever.
(e) What has made the writer more respectful to her grandmother?
Making of maldio (halwa) was an exhausting exercise. the writer's grand mother always made it. That's why she became respectful to her grandmother.
(f) What was special about the tea time in the writer’s home?
The expeareaansive teatime and the grandmother's point to dress up at teatime was special in the writer's home.
Q.3. Tick the correct answer.
What is “an exhausting exercise”?
(a) Preparing for the festival. ( )
(b) Travelling from Mumbai to Peshawar. ( )
(c) Writing about Parsis in old Delhi. ( )
(d) Cooking malido, the Parsi style halwa. (T )
Q.4. Make a list of Parsi delicacies as mentioned in the passage. A few are given above. You can add more to the list. Find the words for Mithu dahi in your language.
(d)mithu dahi(swettend curd)
(g)Smori dal chawal
(h)Macchi no patio
Q.1. Infer the meaning of the following:
(a) traverses an unusual trajectory
to cross or travel through a curved path
(b) The drive to far-flung coffee estates
The visit to far-flung coffee estates.
(c) densely forested hills
Hill which had dense forest
(d) village clusters
a group of human settelment near rural areas.
Q.2. Find words from the text which mean the following:
(a) in a place that is hidden
(paragraph one) Trucked away
(b) distant or remote
(paragraph two) far-flung
(c) to improve the quality or flavour of something
(paragraph four) evrich
(d) a smell speciall a pleasant one
(paragraph four) aroma
Q.3. Answer the following questions
(a) What is unique about the Araku valley as stated in paragraph one?
The Aruka ballon festival in the valley held between 18-20 January every year is unique.
(b) Where is Araku valley?
The Akura valley is located at about 1,200 m above sea level in the north easter corner of Andhra pradesh.
(c) Underline and write the below sentences, words, and expressions which indicate that Araku coffee has moved ahead of being the only means of livelihood.(1) Globally appreciated product
(d) State a historical fact about the coffee in the valley?
a british civil servant , N.S. Brodie Introduced coffee in the valley.
(e) There are specific terms being used in the passage for the cultivation of coffee for example, terrace farms, biodynamic farming, etc. Find more such terms and their meanings.
Composting ➡ A method of decomposing organic solid waste.
planting cash yielding tree➡ growing of tree which give profit as their value keeps growing.
Q.4. The expression “sapling to savouring” in paragraph four means: (Tick the right answer)
(a) Coffee plants are taken care of from the stage of plantation till its beans are ready for an enjoyable cup of coffee. (Tick)
(b) Coffee saplings are very delicate hence a lot of care is being taken of them. ( )
(c) The growth of coffee plants is dependent on shady trees. ( )
(d) Coffee plant can give a cup of enjoyable coffee.( )
1. Match the sounds in Column A with the appropriate words from Column B. Example: rustling of leaves The meanings of some words are given below which will help you to find out the words.
shuffling - of feet
striking - of match
puffing - of an engine
clanking- of chains
sighing- of the wind
rusting- of leave
banging- of door
gurgling - of water
howling- of hyenas
1. You have read about -ing and -ed adjectives in the textbook, the First Flight, page number 97. Read it agan to understand how these adjectives are used. These are also the present participles (-ing forms) and past participles (-ed forms) of verbs and are used as adjectives. Read the following sentences to know this.
(a) People demonstrated against the changes proposed.
(b) The loud cheer went up from the students watching
(c) After the editor read the article, she checked all the examples quoted
(d) Rub the antiseptic cream in the infected area.
(e) My wallet was among the things taken/used .
(f) Cyclone Fani was a frightning experience.
2. Rewrite in the past tense the following excerpt from the ‘Glimpses of India’ (First Flight, Class X textbook) and check your answers with a partner. Birds, bees, and butterflies are there to give you company. Macaques, Malabar squirrels, langurs, and slender loris keep a watchful eye from the tree canopy. I do, however, prefer to step aside for wild elephants. The climb to the Brahmagiri hills brings you into a panoramic view of the entire misty landscape of Coorg. A walk across the rope bridge leads to the sixty-four acre island of Nisargadhama. Running into Buddhist monks from India’s largest Tibetan settlement, at nearby Bylakuppe, is a bonus. The monks, in red, ochre, and yellow robes are amongst the many surprises that wait to be discovered by visitors searching for the heart and soul of India, right here in Coorg.
1. Some words have been wrongly spelt in the paragraph given below. Correct the words and read the paragraph aloud.
The Valley of Flowers
The journey to the Valley of Flowers begins about 16 km away from Joshimath, at Govindghat (1,770 m) on the RishikeshBadrinath heightway. The Valley of Flowers is covered with a rich varity of magnifiscent plants. Over the past few years, thousand of visitors have ‘discovered’ this idyll amidst the mountain. However, they live like marks only by way of empty cans, waste-paper and cigarete butts. Trakking in the area has resulted in the trampling of these delikate plants by humans and ponies. As a result, the government of India was compeled to ban all mountainering, trekking, expeditions and livestock grasing in the area, with effect from February 20, 1983. This is to privent further damage to one of our nation’s unique repositories of natural beauty.
Ask your classmate or teacher to read aloud the following passage from the text ‘Glimpses of India’ (First Flight, Class X textbook). Listen carefully, and note down the keywords, main ideas and interesting expressions in your notebook while listening.
Ans- The baker used to be the childhood friend, guide and companion. He used to sell huge basket of loaves and comes back with empty hand. Bastine or Paskine, the house’s maid-servant used to bring the loaves. The bread-bangles are chosen carefully, and sweet bread sometimes. While entering, the greets the house with a “Good Morning”. We used to eat even without brushing our teeth or washing the mouth. Just like the tiger that doesn’t brush the teeth, we would just wash and clean the mouth with hot tea.
In groups of four, discuss and plan a budget trip to Araku valley. You may keep the following in mind while planning. Add more points to the following as per your requirement.
• Find out the location (look up the map) and accessibility to the places to be visited.
• Calculate the cost of the stay.
• Search for an economic and safe accommodation, perhaps a home stay.
• Find out the modes of transport and booking. Now, prepare an itinerary of your excursion to Araku valley and share with the class.
2. DO IT YOUR SELF
• length and breadth
• chugged into
• vouch for
• long gone
• out came the treats
Now, write an account of a travel by train using these expressions.
Describe the journey by giving details of distance, booking of tickets, facilities available, and suggestions for improvement. You can add pictures of places, people, etc.
2. Write an advertisement for your favourite tea or coffee.
3. You have read about breads and bakers in Goa. (First Flight,
Class X). Traditional breads are famous in Kashmir as well. It is said
that a Kashmiri’s day starts with a cup of piping hot nun
chai (salty pink tea) and a crisp, freshly baked bread from
the Kandur (the traditional baker). In Kashmir, the Kandur
shop isn’t just a place where one goes to buy the morning
and evening breads, it is a social hub. It is a place where you
get to hear and participate in discussions that range from
gossip to political discourses. The Kandur shop or Kandur
waan as it is called in Kashmiri has variety of breads for
different occasions that are baked in the Kandur’s oven.
Read about some of the Kashmiri breads:
Tsot-Girda : is a medium sized round everyday bread that is a must on every breakfast table in Kashmir.
Lavasa : is a puffy level bread made from maida.
Tsochwor or Tilvor : is a bagel shaped, slightly hard bread with a sprinkling of sesame seeds on top. The baker prepares ‘tsochwor’ at noon time to be enjoyed with the afternoon tea.
Kulcha : These are crispy palm-sized breads sprinkled with poppy seeds. These are—mith (sweet) and namkeen (savoury). The bread is taken with some traditional Dodh Kehva (milk Kehva).
Sheermal : is another type of bread from Kashmir. It is mildly sweet.
Roath : The sweet bread with a cake like texture is baked in traditional tandoor and is topped with dry fruits. However, this one bread is made for grand occasions like weddings, child birth or engagements and served with Kehva.
• Now, collect information about breads, parathas, rotis in different parts of the country.
• You can talk to peers, teachers, parents, grandparents, community members and make use of internet.
• Make an interesting collage using pictures and write a few sentences about each bread based on the information you have gathered.