NCERT Words and Expression Unit 8 Solution

Let’s Begin

 1. You have read the chapter ‘Mijbil the Otter’. Discuss with your partner the commitment the author had towards Mijbil, what arrangements he made for his pet. What good care did he take like getting fish, taking it for a walk or exercise, providing things, and space to play etc. Make a list and then share with other friends in the class.

2. Find out which illustrations will go with your list

Ans- All the illustration will go with the mentioned list.

3. Mijbil is an active animal who shows many emotions. Refer to the chapter and complete the following Table.




Q.1. Dharini—

Ans-(b) loves animals

Q.2. Civet cats are also called_________

Ans-(c) Toddy cats

Q.3. Baby Bhakat loves to eat_________

Ans- (d) meat

Q.4. Baby Bhakat hates to____________

Ans- (b) be in water

Q.5. The home for the Bhakat is_________________________.

Ans- (d) the nest in a coconut tree

Q.6. Tick the statement which is not true

Ans-(b) They keep the door closed to keep Bhakat safe.


Q.1. What happens when communities expand?

Ans-Pepole who support animal rights recongnise that all animals have an inherant worth, a value which is compelety separate from their usefulness to humans. they have the right to live a life which is free from suffering and exploration.

Q.2. As human beings, what are our moral obligations towards animals?

Ans- As human beings, our moral obligation towards animals is not to harm them in any way and not doing anything that would interfere with their needs.

Q.3. What is the right of animals as mentioned in paragraph three?

Ans- Animals have the right not suffer at the hands of humans. They have the right to live a life of freedom, a life which is free from suffering and exploration .

Q.4. Why should we rediscover our empathy, compassion, and respect for animals?

Ans- We  should rediscover our empathy , compassion, and respect for animals, so as to realise that they are all individuals with some capacity to feel pain and fear.

Q.5. Anyone who cares about animals can start putting “these principles” into practice. What are “these principles”?

Ans- 'These principles' refers to the principles of non-violent protest that convey that we must reduce the use of  food products and clothing that harm animals. We must grow the market for cruetly-free  food , clothing, and amusement.


1. The following words are from the text you have read. The synonyms for each word are given. Find the odd one out

. (a) serious, grave, ridiculous, stern, solemn 

(b) suitable, unfitting, appropriate, right, proper 

(c) hostile, unfriendly, averse, agreeable, unreceptive 

(d) peaceful, harmonious, quiet, serene, violent 

(e) appalling, atrocious, wonderful, awful, dreadful

Ans- (a) ridiculous

(b) unfitting 


(d) violent

(e) wonderfull

2. Look at the two sentences given below. These are from the text. Look at the words in italics. These are used as verbs. They can be used as nouns as well.

Ans- (a) By then it had crossed my mind… 

 (b) Camusfearna, ringed by water… The noun forms of these two verbs are ‘cross’ and ‘ring’. 

(a) I’ve put a cross on the map to show where the river Mahanadi is.

 (b) She put the ring back in the jewellery box. A list of words is given below. Make sentences using these words as verb and noun. 

(c) Book: Please book the tickets for the evening show (Verb)

I forgot to keep my Geography book in the bag. (Noun)

d) Mail: Rajesh mailed the letter to his boss.(Verb)

Ridhima received a mail from her father.(Noun)

(e) Cable: An NGO is planning to cable the rural areas 

The cables has been laid underground. (Noun)

(f) Sack: The officer sacked the employees  on his negligent  work (Verb)

 He put a sack on floor to sit . (Noun)

(g) End: The story ended on a happy note. (Verb)

I will return your book by the end of this month. (Noun)

(h) Head: Mr. Sharma was ordered to head the meeting that day. (Verb)

I am having severe throbbing in my head.(Noun)

(i) Colour: Colour this wall in light blue shade. ( Verb)

The rainbow has seven colour. (Noun)

(j) Lead: This road leads to jaipur  (Verb)

Lead is the long black part in centre of a pencil.(Noun)


1. You have read about “noun modifiers” in the chapter ‘Mijbil the Otter’, page 112. These give more information about a noun, hence are called noun modifiers. These are adjectives or adjective phrases. Let us look at more of the adjective phrases and their usage. Example: I went to a party. It was a Christmas party. The party was lovely. I went to a lovely Christmas party. Now, join the sentences given below and make a simple sentence with an adjective phrase.

 (a) I bought a Maruti car. The colour is blue. It is sporty.

I bought a blue ,sporty Maruti car. 

(b) He made a speech. The speech was short. The speech was interesting.

 He made an interesting short speech. 

(c) Suresh went to a house. It was decorated beautifully.

 Suresh went to a beautiful decorated house. 

(d) She bought a dress. It is a designer one but frightfully expensive.

 She bought a frightfully expensive designer dress. 

(e) The food was tasty. It was prepared quickly. 

The quickly prepared food was tasty.

2. Use the correct form of the word given in the bracket and fill in the blanks. One has been done for you. His behaviour was disappointing. I expected him to be more polite. People present there were disappointed. (disappoint)

 (a) The death of 40 jawans was shocking . We were shocked when we heard the news. (shock)

 (b) I met an intresting person in the party. He was intrested in tasting each and every dish kept in the food counter. (interest)

 (c) Ravi is not very exicited to visit new places. He tells his friends no place is exciting compared to his village in Ranikhet. (excite) 

(d) She got a new guest in her house. She was amused by his handling the pups. His voice was more amused when he was calling these pups near him. (amuse)

 (e) It is very humid in the Summers. I don’t like this weather. This weather is disgusting . I am disgused as I sweat a lot. Children are disgused as they can’t play outside. (disgust)

 3. You have read about how to describe a repeated action in the past by using ‘would’ or ‘used to’. Go through the rules again and fill in the blanks with ‘would’ or ‘used to’ as appropriate.

 (a) Every day she used to come home from work with a rose to give to her mother.

 (b) I used to lend him my books when he was preparing for his examination.

 (c) He used to visit his friend in the hospital every evening. 

(d) Each time I called him he would come immediately.

 (e) During his hostel life, he used to eat all kinds of food without grumbling. 

(f) When I was a child, I used to believe that fire flies were small fire balls.

 1. Use capital letters, full-stops, commas, and inverted commas wherever necessary in the following paragraph.

 The land of the Bisnois in rajasthan is known for conservation of wildlife. It is a living religion to the Bishnois. It is said This is probably only one religion in the world that is founded on the principles of conserving nature. It has followers over ten lakhs. For these many people protection of living beings is a way of life for the Bishnois tree is sacred and their empathy and love extend to all living beings on earth. They protect the ecosystem that surrounds the village which is a safe haven for blackbucks chinkaras vultures great Indian bustards peacocks etc they protect them from poachers and provide them plenty vegetation they keep water in the stone vessels for the animals to drink from, and hang water filled pots from the branches for the birds.

 2. Parts of sentences are given below. Rearrange the parts and write meaningful sentences in the space provided. Use appropriate punctuation marks. 

(a) a town in iraq/ in large numbers/ otters are found/ in the marshes near Basra.

 (b) to the market/ we were fatigued/ having walked so far/ on account of 

(c) 40 paramilitary personnel/ the suicide car/ pulwana district killed/ bombing in 

(d) india’s first semi-high speed train,/ was flagged off with excitement/ the inaugural trip of/ Vande Bharat Express.

Ans- (a) Otters are found in large numbers in the marshes  near basra, a town in .

         (b) We were fatigured on account of having walked so far to the market.

         (c) The suicide car bombins in pulwama district killed 40 paramillitry personnel 

         (d)The inagaural trip of Vande Bharat Express ,India's first semi high was flagged off with                            exitment.

         (e)The nile is said to be the longer than all other rivers in the eastern hemisphere.


1. Why did the residents gather near the village pond?

 Ans- The resident of bhawra mohatra gatered near the community pond to see the dead crocodiel

2. Why were the villagers crying?

Ans- The villager were crying on the death of the crocodiel as they  were emotionally attaced to the reptiel and were heartbroken after his death.

3. Who was Gangaram?             

Ans- Gangaram was the crocodiel

4. How big was he?

Ans-  He was three meter long 

5.How old was he?

Ans- He was 130 year old

6. Give three reasons to justify Gangaram was friendly:


(a) Children could swim around him.

(b) Gangaram never harmed or attack anyone.

(c) Gangaram was very  understanding.

7. What was the new name given to the village and why?

Ans- The new name to the village is-Magarmachha wala gaon-- The crocodiles village.

The villagers was named so as the villagers used to identify themselves  with the crocodiles.

8. What will the villagers do to remember their friend?

Ans- The villagers now wish  to build a satue of gangaram near  the pond to remember their friend, who got the village a new name.

 1. We all have seen hand puppets on YouTube or during story telling sessions. Try to make one hand puppet of an Otter. The situation is: Mijbil playing with water and spilling water every where. Write a few dialogues between Mijbil and Maxwell. Be the characters and exchange dialogues. Maxwell : Oh! Mijbil, what have you done? 

Mijbil : He, he_____________________________________ _________________________________________

 Maxwell : ___________________________________________ _________________________________________

 Mijbil : ___________________________________________ _________________________________________

 Maxwel : ___________________________________________ _________________________________________

 Mijbil : ___________________________________________ _________________________________________

 2. You have read a story ‘The Bond of Love’ in the class IX textbook, Beehive. In this story, the author talks about a sloth bear that his wife kept as a pet. The sloth bear was sent to the Zoo when it became too big to be kept at home. Now, discuss in a group of four, the following points, list views, and then share in the class. 

(a) Keeping any big wild animal, like the sloth bears, at home. 

(b) Keeping unusual pets for pleasure                                                    

 (c) Using tigers, lions, dancing bears in circus

 (d) Making the monkeys dance, cock fighting, bull fighting for amusement



 1. Based on the above points, write a paragraph giving your points of view. You can highlight on the loss of natural habitat, cruelty, loss of freedom etc.

Ans-  Crutely towards animal Man is social animal who has  so many needs and desires. In order to fulfil his needs he has become self -centred and greedy . He no longer realise that he has to share the planet with animals as well as plants. He has cut down trees and turned the forest into treeless area to make buildings or to use it for any other purpose. The loss of natural habbit has taken its on wild animal. They have lost their homes Many of animals become the victims of human beings when they are kept on home used for amusement like keeping usual pets, and keeping monkeys on their perfomance public to earn money .This toward to animals must be checked . Everyone have right to live

freely on the Earth and Man must understand this.

2. Read these quotations and write one paragraph in the context of ‘Animal Rights’

(a) “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.”                                                                                                                                 – Mahatma Gandhi 

(b) When it comes to pain, love, joy, loneliness and fear, a rat is a pig is a dog is a boy. Each one values his or her life and fights the knife.”

                                                                                                       – PETA founder, Ingrid E. Newkirk

                                                          Animals Rights

Every living beings on Earth  has the rightly to live freely. No one should interverence in their life. Many pepeole use animals for amusement ,experiments, clothing ,food etc. It is wrong. They should be treated in a kind and consedrate manner one must realise that animals too have their own needs should not become the victim of man's greed and selfishness . They have the right to live freely and more freely . We should respect their rights and let them live a life of their own.

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