NCERT Words and Expression Unit 10 Solution



Q.1. According to His Holiness the Dalai Lama, what should we do if we want a happier humanity?

Ans-According to his holiness ,Dalai lama, if we want happier  humanity, intelligence  should be accompained with human affection and feeling.

Q.2. Where does the ultimate cause of the problem lie?

Ans- The ultimate cause of problem lies within the human mind.

Q.3. “What I call human feeling, then ‘it’ is very useful.” What is ‘it’ referred to here?

Ans-'It' here refers to proper motivation or proper development.

Q.4. Why does the Dalai Lama say that proper motivation is important?

Ans- Dalai Lama says that proper motivation is important because every human action wheter it is 

verbal or pysical or even any minor action ,need some motivation.

Q.5. Why is there a requirement of correlation between the intention of an individual and the interest of society?

Ans- There is a need of correlation between the intension of an individual and the interest of the society's behabiour are negative , everyone is going to suffer because of it.

Q.6. What does His Holiness the Dalai Lama mean by “spiritual development”?

Ans- By ''Spiritual Development'' His Holiness, Dalai Lana means the sense of having a good and compressional heart which further lives leads to happiness.


Q.7. A compassionate heart brings—

Ans-(a) inner strength

        (b)less fear

        (c)less doubt


Q.1. Why did Father Gilligan cry “my body spake, not I”?

Ans- Father Gilligan had been  busy attending the sick and was exhausted. He thought about himself and felt-that he had no rest ,joy or peace in his life . The next movement he regeratied having this thought and said these words


Q.2. “The moth-hour of eve”, “the moth hour went” and “the moths came once more” establish a link. They suggest—

Ans-(b) the passage of time.


Q.3. Why did the poet say that the priest “rode with little care”? Does it mean that the old priest, Peter Gilligan, had no care for the safety of the horse and people on the way? What did he not care about?

Ans- No, it does not mean he had no case for the saftey of the house and people on the way. Father Gilligan had slept after his many sleepless days and nights. when he  got up ,he felt bad that he couldn't 

attend the the person who need his help, so he took his horse and rode it ,as he wanted to reach that place as early as possible.


Q.4. How did the priest feel when he heard that the sick man was dead? (Choose the correct option.)

Ans-(c) He was full of grief and self-condemnation.


Q.5. Why did Father Gilligan kneel down when he heard the sick man’s wife say “When you were gone...”?

Ans- On the hearing of the words of sick man's wife, Father Gilligan knelt down in gratitude, as he realised that god sent one of angles to help in his need.


Q.6. How did God help when “the least of things” was in need?

Ans- When the 'least things' was in need, God sent one of angles to the drying man in his last hours.


1. Antonyms for the words in the text ‘The Sermon at Benaras’ are given below. Find the words and fill in the
 (a) unfit- befitted
(b) joy- sorrow ,grief
 (c) contentment- desdation
(d) found- lost
 (e) cheered - moved
 (f) lively- weary
(g) calm- hopeless
 2. Use a dictionary to find out four words each having the meaning nearest to the ones given below. Example: wander — stroll dawdle drift roam
 (a) vow — promised ,wore, pleadge
 (b) preach — sermonized ,addressed ,delivered
 (c) preserve — kept ,conserved. maintained
 (d) awaken — roused, activated, enlivened
(e) enlighten — acuantaied, cleaned, fervidness
(f) reign — influenced, controlled, commanded
1. Read the passage (“Kisa Gotami had an only son,  a child, husband, parent or friend.”) from the text, ‘The Sermon at Benaras’ (page 134). Rewrite the paragraphs changing the direct speech into reported speech in the space given below.

Ans- Kisa Gotami had an only son and he dired in her grief, she carried the dead child to all her neighbours, asking them for medicines and the people said that she had lost her senses. They further added that the boy was dead. At length, Kisa Gotami met a man who replied to her request and said that he could not give her medicine for the child, but he knew physician who could And th girl requested respectfully to tell her who that was And the man told her to go to sakyamuni the Buddha Kissa Gotami repaired to the Buddha and requested her him give her the medicine that would cure her boy.
The buddha answred that he wanted a handful of mustard seeds. And when the girl in her joy promised to procure it, the Buddha added that that mustard seeds had be taken from a house where no one had lost her child husband parents or friend.

2. Read the story given below. Change the direct speech into reported speech and rewrite the story in the space provided. Use the reporting verbs given above whereever necessary. You can use any other reporting verb you find suitable.
It is said, “It is not how much we have, but how much we enjoy that makes happiness.” Being happy does not require everything to be good but an eye to see good in everything. One day a crow saw a swan. “This swan is so white,” he thought, “and I am so black. This swan must be the happiest bird in the world.” The swan replied, “I was feeling that I was the happiest bird around. But I think the parrot is the happiest bird as it has two colours.” The crow then approached the parrot. The parrot said, “I have only two colours, but the peacock has multiple colours.” The crow then visited a peacock in the zoo. “Dear peacock,” the crow said, “you are so beautiful. Every day, thousands of people come to see you. You are the happiest bird on the planet.” The peacock said, “I always thought that I was the most beautiful and happy bird on the planet. But I am entrapped in this zoo. I have realised that the crow is the only bird not kept in a cage, and could happily roam everywhere.”

Ans- It is said that is is not how much we have, but how much we enjoy that makes happiness being happy does not requaire everything to be good but an eye to see good in everything .One day a crow
saw a swan. He thought that swan was white and he was so black. He further thought that swan must be the happiness bird in the world. The swan replied that he was feeling that he was the happiness bird around ,but he thought that the parrot was happiest bird, as it has two colums the crow then approached the parrot .The parrot said that he had only two colours, but the peacock has multiple colours The crow then visted a peacock that he is so beautiful. He further added the thousands of people came to see him everyday and he was happiest bird on the planet. The peacock said that he always though that he was most beautiful and happy bird on the planet , but he was entrapped in that zoo. He further added that he had realised that the crow was the only bird not kept in a cage and could happily roam everywhere.


1. There are some omissions in the paragraph given below. Edit the paragraph, use suitable prepositions and words. The Wild Geese One day, Prince Siddhartha was going the royal gardens on his way the river. A flock wild geese passed overhead. Devadatta, the Prince’s cousin, shot arrow into their midst one of the geese fell. It was wounded and fell just front of Siddhartha. His heart was filled compassion when he saw poor bird bleeding profusely. He lifted it and he drew the arrow very carefully from its body. He took the bird with him. Devadatta sent a messenger claim the bird. But Siddhartha refused to give it. He said that belonged to him because he had saved its life. It did not belong to Devadutta who had tried to kill.

Ans- going to the 
way to the
flock of wild
shot an arrow
just in front
filled with compassion
saw the poor 
drew out the 
messenger to claim
that it belonged


 1. Following is a narrative on Sanchi stupa. Listen to it carefully and answer the questions that follow. You can listen to the recorded narrative or ask your teacher, sibling or friend to read it aloud. The fascinating and world famous Sanchi stupa is located on a hilltop in Sanchi town, Madhya Pradesh, India. It is one of the most important Buddhist monuments that portrays Buddhist art and sculpture. Starting from the third century BC through the twelfth century AD, it attracts the attention of thousands of visitors round the year including national and foreign tourists, archaeologists, and historians among others. This stupa is the oldest stone structure in India that was built during the Mauryan period. Originally commissioned in the third century BCE by Emperor Ashoka, this huge hemispherical dome consists of a central chamber. In this chamber, the relics of Lord Buddha are placed. The original construction work of this stupa was supervised by Ashoka. His wife, Devi, was the daughter of a merchant of nearby village, Vidisha. Sanchi was also her birthplace as well as the venue of her and Ashoka’s wedding. Later, four ornamental gateways or toranas facing four directions and a balustrade surrounding the stupa were added in the first century BCE. The Great stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India and counted among the best conserved ancient stupas of Central India. It has been enlisted as an UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1989.The sculptures on the ornamental gateways or toranas consist of decorative illustrations of events encompassing the life of Lord Buddha. These events are explained in the Jataka tales. The tree used here symbolises Lord Buddha. The most striking features regarding the stupa is that Lord Buddha has been depicted symbolically by figures like thrones, wheels, and footprints among others.

(a) Which Buddhist monument is referred to here and what does it portray?
Ans- Sanchi Stupa in Madyha pradesh, it portrays Bhuddhist art and culture.

(b) Who are the people who visit this Stupa throughout the year?
Ans- Thousand of visitor round of the year including national and foreign tourists, archelogist and historians among us 

(c) In which period the Stupa was built, and who commissioned it?
Ans-It was built during Mayuran Period,Originally commissioned in the third century BCE by Emperor Ashoka

(d) Where is the central chamber in the Stupa? What is kept inside it? 
Ans-The Central Chamber is the huge hemispherical dome. The relics of Lord Buddha are kept inside it

(e) What structures were added to the huge hemisphere in first century BCE?
Ans- Four ornamental gateways or toranas facing four directions and a balustrade surrounding the stupas were added in first century BCE

(f) The toranas are decorated with: (Tick the right answer)
Ans-(b) events of Lord Buddha’s life 


 Space Not provided in book so it will be better to leave it.😁😅😅
Else If you wanna try you can by youself.😂😂


1. Write a paragraph on how you can help others who are in grief. You may consider the following points:

Ans: Help Others

The path of life of joys and sorrows. At one stage or the other,one has to face the loss of near and dear ones.It is a tough time and one must help other in their hour of grief. The first and foremost thing is to stay connected with them. There may be some people who would accept help or share the grief. One must be prepared to accept the mood swings,be supportive and standby them. It is only the way you show that you care which will matter. Holding their hand, reassuring hug can also make him realise that you care. It will be a solace for that person.

2. Two poems are given in the textbook, First Flight, page 138–139, one by Kahlil Gibran, and the other by Rabindra Nath Tagore. Read the poems, discuss in groups of four on what these two poets want to say in their respective poems. Then write the summary of each poem and share it with your classmates.

Kahlil Gibran poem's summary -

  • Almustafa was asked by a woman to talk about joy and sorrow and he replies that joy removes the sorrow. The sorrow which made into one’s being, the more joy they contain. In the potter’s oven, the cup that holds one’s wine is burned and the lute (a musical instrument) which consoles the spirit is made up of wood cut by the knives. The joyous should look deep inside to the joy which gives sorrow, and the sorrowful should see that they are thinking and felt for the past delight. People debate which on is greater, joy or sorrow, but Almustafa declares them they are mixed up or inseparable. People are balanced only when they are empty and suspended on scales between them mostly.  

Rabindra Nath Tagore poem's summary -

  • Don’t tell and felt grief that she is not alive today. Be thankful and happy with the memories that you had when she was with you. The death of everyone is not about to turn the light off. When the light is turned off it also indicates the dawn has arrived.

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