NCERT Words And Expression 1 (Unit 6 Full Solution)(Class 9)
A.Photographs of the Presidents of India are chronologically given below. Can you identify them?
B. Discuss in pairs and write down their names.
Ans- Dr Rajendra Prasad
Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Dr Zakir Hussain
Ali Ahmed Fakhruddin
Neelam Sanjeev Reddy
Giani Zail sing
Shankar Dayal Sharma
A.P.J Abdul Kalam
Ram Nath Kovind
C. Why is the President of India known as the First Citizen of the country?
Ans- Our president is called as the first citizen of India because he/she represents our country and he/she is the head of the executive, legislator, judiciary, the three forces. All the executive actions are taken in his/her name
1. Choose the correct option from the bracket and fill in the blanks.
(a) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a/an ______________student. ( average, poor, intelligent)
(b) As a boy, Mohandas used to be very _______________ and avoided all company. (timid, fearful, outspoken)
(c) The teacher tried to ______________________________ him with the point of his boot. (suggest, force, instruct)
(d) Young Mohandas________________________________ any reading beyond his school books. (disliked, liked, hated)
(e) He read Shravana Pitribhakti with ________________ interest. (great, least, little)
2. Answer the following questions in brief. (30 words)
(a) Where did Mohandas complete his primary education?
Ans- Ahmedabad is the place where Mohandas completed his primary education Or He completed his schooling in Ahmedabad 1887.
(b) Who were Mohandas Gandhi’s sole companions in his childhood?
Ans- His sole companion were books and he had one friend, however a boy named Uka. Uka was a sweeper boy and an untouchable.
(c) Which incident given in the passage reflects Mohandas’s honesty?
Ans- The two main things Mohandas disliked was to copy or cheat from anyone or to lie to his teacher. He wanted to live an honest life. The pictures of Shravana conveyed to Mohandas Gandhi how to lead a good life and be loyal to you parents.
(d) Which two things did Mohandas dislike the most?
Ans- One, reading beyond his school books second, his being taken to task by his teacher for not doing homework.
(e) What did the picture of Shravana convey to Mohandas Gandhi?
Ans- The image of Saravana caring his blind parents on his shoulders had deep impact on Mohandas Gandhi. He then decided to become loyal to his parents and serve them with dedication and love. And from, there onwards obedience to his parents because of his Moto.
(f) Pick out five qualities and traits which young Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi had. One is done for you .Absolutely non-judgemental, couldn’t see the bad qualities of his teacher.
Ans- These are: Refusing to copy, being blind to know the failing of other to the fault of others, regard for his teachers, distaste any reading beyond his school books, doing daily lessons.
3. Locate words from the passage with similar meaning:
(a) reduce- diminish
(b) only one- sole
(c) dupe- deceiving
(d) permanent effect- Indelible
1. What has Malcom Gladwell said in his book, that Indra Nooyi is refering to in her speech?
Ans- Malcolm Gladwell says that Indra Nooyi is referring to one who cannot be separated from where one came from. It means one's background and moorings can't be ignored as these are inseparable.
2. What according to Indra Nooyi helped her achieve great success?
Ans- Three things helped her to achieve great success.one, her being a lifelong student, second utter Icomplete dedication to whatever one does, third, to help others to rise in their careers.
3. What is the first lesson that Indra Nooyi has talked about in her speech?
Ans- The first lesson is that one must be a lifelong student.
4. What element should we have to be a lifelong student?
Ans- The element of curocity in being a lifelong student must be had by all for Tremendous sucsess.
5. How does she look at her job?
Ans- She doesn't look at her job as a job at a calling as a passion. She does not care about anything else.
6. What is her third lesson? Why is it important?
Ans- her third lesson which is also very important is that we must help others rice. Greatness comes not from opposition but from helping build a future. It is important because those in power have an obligation to pull others up.
7. What obligation does she talk about in her speech?
Ans- The obligation she talks about in her speech is to help others to rise so that they stand high in their future.
1. Make noun forms of the given words. One is done for you.
(a) know -Knodlege
(b) accept - Acceptance
(c) separate - separation
(d) oblige -Obligation
(e) achieve - Achievement
2. Take words from the box given below and match the words that go along with them. You may use some of the words more than once.
Black system or sound system
3. You would have come across some words from Indian languages used in the chapter ‘My Childhood’ in your textbook, Beehive.
1. Fill in the blanks to complete the process of washing clothes in a machine. Use passive form of the verbs given in brackets.
Dirty clothes are taken (take) for washing. Clothes are separated (separate) on the basis of texture, colour, etc., and made (make) into piles. Each pile is put (put) in the washing machine tub. Then detergent powder is added (add) and the required programme is set (set). Once the washing is over the clothes are removed (remove) from the tub and hung (hang) for drying
2. Passive voice
Expand the News Headlines into three to four sentences of a short article. Use passive voice wherever it is required.
(b) The fire caused by crackers
The fire caused by crackers Answers: Yesterday a fire was caused by crackers. Diwali was being celebrated with lighting crackers. A bomb soared above and entered the first storey house Window and set the curtains on fire. The The fire brigade was called. The fire was soon controlled.
(c) Bank robbed in broad daylight
Bank robbed in broad daylight. Answer yesterday a bank was robbed In broad daylight in Sita Bazar.The routine bank transaction was being conducted. The staff was made by the robbers to raise their hand. A large amount of cash was put into the bag by them. The Police was called after the robbers had left the bank. An enquiry is being conducted to trace the robbers.
(d) Taxes lowered for some commodities
Text lowered for some commodities. Answer. The general public was given some relief and taxes were lowered for some commodities. Price of essential commodities have been slashed. The petrol prices have also been lowered. It is hoped the common man shall be given more relief in the days to come
3. Phrasal Verb In the lesson ‘My Childhood’ in your textbook, Beehive, the phrasal verb ‘break out’ is used by combining a verb (break) with a preposition (out) denoting the meaning ‘to begin’. Many more phrasal verbs can be formed with the same verb ‘break’ joining with other prepositions. They are— break into break away break open break down break up
(a) The passengers were troubled when the bus stopped due to engine failure.(broke down)
(b) Neha’s relationship with Rohan came to an end(break down) over a very silly matter.
(c) The burglar in spite of all security, entered(broken down) Mr Khan’s house and took away all valuables.
(d) The child attempted to leave the mother’s grasp(breakopen), but she held fast.
(e) The new director desired to discard(breeak away) the age-old practices in the office.
Use capital letters, full-stops, commas and inverted commas wherever necessary in the following story. Some words are also wrongly spelt. Check the spelling errors and correct them.
Ans-Once the Fairies of the Trees set out to choose their dwelling places .Some were wise in making their choices and some were foolish. The wise Fairies shunned the trees that stood alone in the open fields, and settled in a thick forest. But the foolish ones said "why should we crowd together in a forest"? Let us go and live in lonely trees near villages, where humans will bring us gifts. One night a great tempest swept over the country. The lonely trees were blown down, and the foolish fairies became homeless; but the great, dense forest resisted the fury of the storm. The wise fairies said to the foolish ones "People should stand together like a dense forest." It is only the solitary tree, growing unprotected in the open field that is overthrown by a silly thing like a storm
1. Why did the Taliban shoot Malala?
Ans- The Taliban shoot Malalal because he wanted to study.
2. Why was Malala awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?
3. Who all did Malala thank in her speech and why?
Ans- Malala thank God and all the people who prayed for her fast recovery and new life. She thanked all the people for their good wishes and gifts. She thanked the children who is innocent words in encouraged her. She also thanked the elders who is Priya is strengthened her. She also thanked the nurses and doctors and staff of the hospital in Pakistan, UAE and UK government.
4. What are the activists and social workers struggling for?
Ans- The activist and social workers are struggling from their rights and to acvhieve their goalws of peace and education sand equality in the world
5. What rights did she talk about in her speech? Tick () the right answers
Ans- (a),(b),(d) & (f) are the correct answers
6. From whom did Malala learn
Ans-Compassion fropm Mohamed, the prophet of Mercy
EITHER LEAVE OR DO IT BY YOURSELF😇😇
1. In 2010, the United Nations declared Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s birthday (15th October) as World Students’ Day. Write an article on the importance of the youth/ young students in the making of a New India. (120–150 words)
Ans:No doubt that our country is growing at a pod pace in almost every field. But it needs & lot of thing to do. In almost all the fields of human activity students can bring pod changes to make human life better. The citizens of the country are illiterate, have no knowledge about Govt welfare scheme. The student can bring a dynamic change in making them aware of how they can improve themselves taking advantages of these welfare schemes. Garbage mounds, polythene bags, plastic, lack of observing the rules of the road, non observance of personal hygiene and clean surroundings are some fields where students can bring a visible change. The condition towards betterment are some key fields where students can bring a great change. Actually. of hospitals, transport, crowds in trains, apath of e ese of passivity amene the pede Student can change the present scenario the people. They can add the common people to awaken them how to solve the of life of the The problems being faced by the India then will be a great country.